Juni Noch einmal siegen vor dem Sommerurlaub: Gegen Gibraltar erwartet Bundestrainer Joachim Löw Tore und setzt auf die Motivation seiner. Nov. Georginio Wijnaldum bejubelt sein Tor gegen Frankreich mit Memphis Fußball- Zwerg Gibraltar hat in der Nations League seine Chance auf. Juni hat die deutsche Nationalmannschaft klar gegen Gibraltar gewonnen. ehe er den Ball zum für Deutschland ins Tor der Elf aus Gibraltar.
Gibraltar has hot, humid, and almost rainless summers; mild winters during which there is usually adequate rain; and warm, moderately rainy, transitional seasons.
The territory is subject to strong easterly winds. There are more than species of small flowering plants on Gibraltar. The Gibraltar candytuft is a flower native only to the Rock.
Wild olive and pine trees grow on the Upper Rock. Mammals include rabbits, foxes, and Barbary macaques often erroneously identified as apes.
Although free to wander, they are generally seen on the Upper Rock. The macaques were once protected by the British army in Gibraltar, and, according to legend , British dominion over the Rock will cease when these animals are no longer present; their protection is now the responsibility of the Gibraltar Ornithological and Natural History Society.
Migratory birds are common, and Gibraltar is the home of the only specimens of Barbary partridge in Europe. About four-fifths of the population are Gibraltarians, which includes those born in Gibraltar before and their descendants, as well as the spouses of Gibraltarians.
The remainder are resident aliens and the families of British military personnel. Moroccans and Indians predominate among the resident aliens.
About four-fifths of Gibraltarians are Roman Catholic. The small Jewish community is of Sephardic descent. English is the official language of government and education, though most Gibraltarians are bilingual in English and Spanish, and many speak an English dialect known as Yanito Llanito , which is influenced by Spanish, Genoese, and Hebrew.
Because of lack of space on the peninsula, there is no agriculture. There is a small amount of light industry—tobacco, beverages, canning—but the main sources of income are the provisioning of ships and military personnel, tourism, and the re-export trade.
Tourism was stimulated through the large-scale expansion of hotel and beach facilities and gambling casinos. The port facilities occupy most of the western shore and a portion of land reclaimed from the sea.
The United Kingdom supplies a significant amount of development aid. Principal expenditures include social services, public works , and municipal services.
The monetary unit is the Gibraltar pound. Gibraltar has an international airport, and regular flights link the territory to London , Tangier, and many other destinations.
The peninsula has a road system and a system of tunnels within the Rock for vehicular traffic. A cable car ascends to the central summit of the ridge.
As the United Kingdom is not party to the Schengen Agreement , the crossing between La Linea and Gibraltar is one of the few remaining controlled internal borders in western Europe.
Gibraltar is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom and is self-governing in all matters but defense. Its constitution was established by the Gibraltar Constitution Order in , which provided for a House of Assembly consisting of the speaker appointed by the governor , 15 members elected to four-year terms, and 2 ex-officio members.
A new Constitution Order was approved by referendum in November and was implemented in January ; it renamed the House of Assembly as the Gibraltar Parliament and increased its number of members to In Gibraltarians were granted full British citizenship.
Gibraltarians age 18 or older and British civilians resident for more than six months are entitled to vote.
The governor, appointed by the British sovereign , is the head of the executive Gibraltar Council and appoints the Council of Ministers, composed of the chief minister and other ministers, from the party or coalition of parties that gains a majority of seats in the Gibraltar Parliament.
Instead of a city council, one minister is responsible for municipal affairs. Education is free and compulsory between ages 5 and Educational facilities include several government primary schools and two comprehensive secondary schools.
There are also private and military institutions, a school for children with disabilities, and a technical college.
Excavations of limestone caves in the Rock have revealed that Gibraltar was sporadically inhabited from prehistoric times.
The Muslim occupation was permanently ended by the Spanish in , and Isabella I annexed Gibraltar to Spain in The Spanish nevertheless made several attempts to retake Gibraltar from Britain, most notably in a protracted but unsuccessful military siege that lasted from to In Gibraltar became a British crown colony.
Gibraltar was a vital repair and assembly point for Allied convoys during the World Wars. A referendum in Gibraltar in gave residents a choice of opting either for Spanish sovereignty or for continued close association with Britain; the result was an overwhelmingly pro-British vote 12, votes to Spain responded by closing its border with Gibraltar, thus depriving the territory of its Spanish trade and a labour force of Spanish commuters.
Spain lifted its border blockade in The status of Gibraltar has remained a source of friction between the Spanish and British governments.
Gibraltar subsequently was allowed by both governments to represent itself in negotiations on its future. In the creation of the Trilateral Forum of Dialogue, bringing together representatives of the governments of Britain, Spain, and Gibraltar, helped to ease tensions.
The Financial Services Commission FSC ,  which was established by an ordinance in now an Act that took effect in , regulates the finance sector.
As of [update] , Gibraltar has 0. The currency of Gibraltar is the Gibraltar pound , issued by the Government of Gibraltar under the terms of the Currency Notes Act.
These banknotes are legal tender in Gibraltar alongside Bank of England banknotes. Unofficially, most retail outlets in Gibraltar accept the euro , though some payphones and the Royal Gibraltar Post Office , along with all other government offices, do not.
The demographics of Gibraltar reflect the many European and other economic migrants who came to the Rock over years, after almost all of the Spanish population left in Origin of surnames in the electoral roll by percentage is: The official language of Gibraltar is English, and is used by the government and in schools.
Most locals are bilingual , also speaking Spanish. However, because of the varied mix of ethnic groups which reside there, other languages are also spoken on the Rock.
Berber and Arabic are spoken by the Moroccan community, as are Hindi and Sindhi by the Indian community. Maltese is spoken by some families of Maltese descent.
Llanito also often involves code-switching to English and Spanish. Gibraltarians often call themselves Llanitos. According to the census, approximately Other Christian denominations include the Church of England 7.
Several of these congregations are represented by the Gibraltar Evangelical Alliance. The Gibraltar Secular Humanist Society also holds regular meetings.
The third religion in size is Islam 3. There are four functioning Orthodox synagogues in Gibraltar and several kosher establishments.
Education in Gibraltar generally follows the English model , operating within a three tier system. Gibraltar has 15 state schools , two private schools and a college of further education, Gibraltar College.
Government secondary schools are Bayside Comprehensive School for boys and Westside School for girls, and Prior Park School Gibraltar is an independent coeducational secondary school.
All Gibraltarian students used to follow the UK student loans procedure , applying for a loan from the Student Loans Company which was then reimbursed in full by the Government of Gibraltar.
In August , this system was replaced by the direct payment by the government of grants and tuition fees. The overwhelming majority of Gibraltarians continue their studies at university level.
While there are Spanish mostly from nearby Andalusia and British influences, the ethnic origins of most Gibraltarians are not confined to these ethnicities.
Other ethnicities include Genoese , Maltese , Portuguese , and German. British influence remains strong, with English being the language of government, commerce, education and the media.
It is a public holiday, during which most Gibraltarians dress in their national colours of red and white.
Until , the tradition had been to also release 30, similarly coloured balloons, which represented the people of Gibraltar. However, this tradition has now been ended because of the threat that it poses to wildlife, particularly marine.
The radio service is also internet-streamed. Special events and the daily news bulletin are streamed in video.
The other local radio service is operated by the British Forces Broadcasting Service which also provides a limited cable television network to HM Forces.
Native Gibraltarians have produced some literature of note. Throughout the s and s, several anthologies of poetry were published by Leopoldo Sanguinetti , Albert Joseph Patron and Alberto Pizzarello.
Trino Cruz is a bilingual poet originally writing English but now mainly in Spanish, who also translates Maghreb poetry.
Sanchez , author of the books Rock Black: Mary Chiappe and Sam Benady have also published a series of detective books centred on the character of the nineteenth-century Gibraltarian sleuth Bresciano.
Gibraltarian cuisine is the result of a long relationship between the Andalusian Spaniards and the British, as well as the many foreigners who made Gibraltar their home over the past three centuries.
This marriage of tastes has given Gibraltar an eclectic mix of Mediterranean and British cuisine. In , there were 18 Gibraltar sports associations with official recognition from their respective international governing bodies.
Others have submitted applications for recognition which are being considered. The government supports the many sporting associations financially.
Gibraltar also competes in the bi-annual Island Games , which it hosted in Football is a popular sport in Gibraltar.
The Gibraltar Football Association applied for full membership of UEFA , but their bid was turned down in in a contentious decision.
Cricket enjoys popularity in Gibraltar. Rugby union is fairly popular and one of the fastest growing team sports. Gibraltar is believed to be the birthplace of the rugby variant Tag Rugby.
Darts is also a popular sport, with the Gibraltar Darts Association a full member of World Darts Federation since running leagues and other regular tournaments.
Gibraltar has a digital telephone exchange supported by a fibre optic and copper infrastructure; the telephone operator Gibtelecom also operates a GSM network.
Internet connectivity is available across the fixed network. This has been universally valid since 10 February , when the telecom dispute was resolved.
Within Gibraltar, the main form of transport is the car. Motorcycles are also very popular and there is a good modern bus service. Restrictions on transport introduced by Spanish dictator Francisco Franco closed the land frontier in and also prohibited any air or ferry connections.
In , the land border was reopened. The border control is the only road border control between two EU members that is expected to remain indefinitely Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania have border controls which are expected to be removed around , however Britain plans to leave the EU.
Motorists and pedestrians crossing the border with Spain are occasionally subjected to very long delays. GB Airways operated a service between Gibraltar and London and other cities for many years.
The airline initially flew under the name "Gibraltar Airways". In , and in anticipation of service to cities outside the UK, Gibraltar Airways changed its name to GB Airways with the belief that a new name would incur fewer political problems.
As a franchise, the airline operated flights in full British Airways livery. EasyJet have since added Bristol and Manchester and also operated flights to Liverpool between and Until entering administration in October , Monarch Airlines operated the largest number of flights between the United Kingdom and Gibraltar, with scheduled services between Gibraltar and Luton , London Gatwick , Birmingham and Manchester.
The Spanish national airline , Iberia , operated a daily service to Madrid which ceased for lack of demand. Gibraltar International Airport is unusual not only because of its proximity to the city centre resulting in the airport terminal being within walking distance of much of Gibraltar but also because the runway intersects Winston Churchill Avenue , the main north-south street, requiring movable barricades to close when aircraft land or depart.
New roads and a tunnel, which will end the need to stop road traffic when aircraft use the runway, were planned to coincide with the building of a new airport terminal building with an originally estimated completion date of ,   although it has not been completed because of delays.
In addition, the Algeciras Heliport across the bay offers scheduled services to Ceuta. Gibraltar Cruise Terminal receives a large number of visits from cruise ships.
The Strait of Gibraltar is one of the busiest shipping lanes in the world. Passenger and cargo ships anchor in the Gibraltar Harbour. Also, a ferry links Gibraltar with Tangier in Morocco.
The ferry between Gibraltar and Algeciras , which had been halted in when Franco severed communications with Gibraltar, was finally reopened on 16 December , served by the Spanish company Transcoma.
Water supply and sanitation in Gibraltar have been major concerns for its inhabitants throughout its history. There are no rivers, streams, or large bodies of water on the peninsula.
In the late 19th century, a Sanitary Commission instigated major improvements which saw the introduction of large-scale desalination and the use of giant water catchments covering over 2.
Both supplies are delivered from huge underground reservoirs excavated under the Rock of Gibraltar. In general, the Gibraltar force follows British police models in its dress and its mostly male constables and sergeants on foot patrol wear the traditional custodian helmet , the headgear of the British "bobby on the beat".
The helmet is traditionally made of cork covered outside by felt or serge -like material that matches the tunic.
The vehicles also appear virtually identical to typical UK police vehicles, but are left hand drive. The force, whose name received the prefix "Royal" in , currently numbers over officers divided into a number of units.
These include the CID , drug squad, special branch , firearms, scene of crime examiners , traffic, marine and operations units, sections or departments.
In January , the Ministry of Defence announced that the private company Serco would provide services to the base. The announcement resulted in the affected trade unions striking.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the British Overseas Territory. For other uses, see Gibraltar disambiguation.
Bernard of Clairvaux Our Lady of Europe. Disputed status of Gibraltar and Political development in modern Gibraltar.
Places adjacent to Gibraltar. List of mammals of Gibraltar , List of birds of Gibraltar , and List of amphibians and reptiles of Gibraltar.
Percentage of population by religion  Percentage Roman Catholic. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Water supply and sanitation in Gibraltar. Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration.
Godwin does not mention when the sport began on Gibraltar, but he does explicitly use the term "Tag Rugby" to describe the game. Archived from the original on 13 November Retrieved 21 June Retrieved 25 September Retrieved 3 August Algora Publishing, 1 April Statistics Office of the Government of Gibraltar.
The civilian population includes Gibraltarian residents, other British residents including the wives and families of UK-based servicemen, but not the servicemen themselves and non-British residents.
Visitors and transients are not included. In , this broke down into 23, native-born citizens, 3, UK British citizens and 2, others, making a total population of 29, On census night, there were 31, people present in Gibraltar.
British Foreign Policy Group. Retrieved 2 April Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 19 March Retrieved 23 July Retrieved 8 January Gibraltar before the British.
Unpublished proof copy held by the British Library. A history of Gibraltar. The named reference Jackson was invoked but never defined see the help page.
The named reference Hills30 was invoked but never defined see the help page. The making of modern Gibraltar since The Rock of the Gibraltarians: A History of Gibraltar.
Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 20 December In fact, we will never even enter into a process without that agreement. Archived from the original on 3 March Retrieved 30 July Archived copy as title link CS1 maint: Retrieved 15 June Who are the Gibraltar ?
Retrieved 26 June Spain calls for joint control of Gibraltar". Retrieved 13 May Archived from the original on 24 March The new Constitution "maximises self Government in all areas of Governance except defence, external affairs and internal security which, under our own Constitution vest in the Governor as a matter of distribution of powers.
Gibraltar "Gibraltar is self-governing in all areas except defence and foreign policy. Archived from the original on 5 December Retrieved 23 June Retrieved 6 November United Nations Committee on Decolonization.
Retrieved 28 June Archived from the original on 10 November Retrieved 9 January Baseline climate means — from stations all over the world in French.
Retrieved 4 November Retrieved 5 June Global station data — — Sunshine Duration. Retrieved 29 September Michael Hogan Barbary Macaque: Macaca sylvanus , Globaltwitcher.
Retrieved 25 May Gibraltar British Overseas Territory ". Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 9 December Leading from the front".
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